The Space Race between the US and the USSR was a critical moment of the 1950s and 1960s. The Soviets took lead in the competition with the successful launch of Sputnik 1.
Part 1: Sputnik
Sputnik 1 launched from Kazakhstan on October 4, 1957. It was the first ever earth orbiting artificial satellite. This satellite was six times heavier (184 lbs) than the failed attempt of the United States in December 1957. The radio transmission Sputnik emitted was heard by ham radio operators around the world. The simple beeping marked a very important event in history.
Following the invasion of Poland and the start of World War II, Poland was partitioned between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union claimed it was freeing Ukrainian and Belorussian workers who were supposedly being oppressed by Polish rulers in order to legitimize its invasion of and hold of the rest of Poland.
For years champagne has been a symbol of celebration and prosperity. Soviet champagne was a symbol of decadence and comfort immediately after a tumultuous period of famine and immediately prior to horrific fear and uncertainty. Might it be possible that indulgence provoked the events that followed?
The effects of industrialization and railroads on social and economic change.
Стрелочник башкир. The “Bashkir Switchman”. He works for hours on the railroad, participating in a seemingly mundane task, that marks a pivotal point for the history of Russian technological advancements and geographical changes.